Churachandpur Forest Division:
The Division was created in the year 1973 under order No 52/30/72-For dated 25th May 1973 of the Secretariat Forest Department. The then existing timber block No VI, IX, XVIII, XIX were included in the division. The division is bounded on the north by Tamenglong and Bishnupur District, to the east by districts of Imphal and Chandel, to the south by Myanmar and Mizoram and to the west by the states of Assam and Mizoram. The Southern Forest Division, Churachandpur lies within 93 ° 15' to 94 ° 00' E- longitude and 24 ° 00' to 24 ° 30' N- latitude. Prior to the creation of the Division, forests of the Division were partly under Western Division and partly under Eastern Forest Division. The Churachandpur district has a geographical area of 4570 sq. km, but southern Forest Division with the latest reorganization has a geographical area of 4525 SqKm.
The topography of the Southern Forest Division, Churachandpur is gently hilly with elevation ranging 110 m. from to 1915 m. above MSL. There are small valleys along the rivers Khuga(Tuitha), Barak and others. The general appearance of the hill ranges is that of irregular ridges, occasionally rising into conical peaks and flattened ridges of bare rocks. Only a small area of the district has elevations above 1500 to 2000 m. The western part of the district is having lower elevation. The northern hilly region has a maximum height of 1541 m. above MSL near Kolhen village and the minimum height of 480 m. above M.S.L. near Saihum village. The eastern hilly region spreading over the southern and south eastern part of the forest division, has a maximum height of 1670 m. above MSL near Thinganzang village and the minimum height is 738 m. above MSL near Pasang village. The southern hilly region spreading over the south western part of the forest division has a maximum height of 1702 m. above MSL near Songtal Paite village and a minimum height is 672 m. above MS near Tuilaphai Paite village. The maximum height in western hilly region the is 1181 m. above MSL near Pherjol village and the minimum height is 141 m. above MSL.near Jaiso village.
The Imphal (Manipur) river is the eastern boundary of the division. Another Important River in the eastern portion is Khuga. It originates from Bulkot block flows northwards parallel to Imphal Tiddim Road. Khuga Dam is constructed on this river for water supply & irrigation facility around Churchandpur town. The river finaly drains into Loktak lake. Leimatk river flows in the north eastern portion of the district and drains Khoupum block. The river flows northwards and drains into Irang river in Tamenglong District. The Irang river again enter south divn near Muglel and forms northern boundary of the district, till it joins Barak river. Tuipi river flows northward in Thanlon subdivision and joins Irang River. Tuivel/Tuivai River ia important river in southern part of the district. The river drains Singhat Range and is joined by tributaries like Tuili river. After flowing westward it turn towards south crosses Guite/NEC Road near Khuanggin and flow to Mizoram. The river again enters Manipur near Parvachon and become boundary between Manipur & Mizoram. The Barak (Tuiruong ) in the western part of the region is most important river, it flows southward and at Tipaimukh it is joined by Tuivai river make a U turn and flow northwards. From Tipaimukh it is the boundary between Manipur and Assam.
The western part of the Churachandpur district is mostly composed of the rocks such as siltstones, shale and sandstones; the middle or central portion is made up of sandstones and sand shale; whereas the eastern part is made up of shale, slate and shale sandstones rhythmite; and in a small area in Singngat is made up of rock materials like clay, coarse grained sandstone, tuffaceous sandstone and shale conglomerates. A small deposit of low quality coal and also lignite is available around district HQ Churachandpur area. The general soil of the district is alluvial and red sandy. Soil toposheet of Nagpur classified soil into 12 classes based on taxanomy. Soil map is enclosed.